Wednesday 31 January 2024

Previewing Dream International FY 2023 (Revenue Fall is likely) (Deep Dive)

Disclaimer: This was meant to be published on 20 Jan but i think i have missed it.

If this post is published, it probably means that i had a good week(on 20 Jan) and decided to release my thoughts/predictions on the 2H and FY Results.  

(Had a good week)

For Folks who are curious on how the previous time it went, i wrote a similar preview for 1H 2023.

Concise Version

2023 Revenue Fall Compared to 2022 is likely, with any growth in profits to come from margin expansion / revenue growth in Plush Stuffed Toy.

Revenue from Top Customer in 2022 will fall in 2023. For 2023 revenue, Japan and China should see revenue growth while US it should see revenue decrease compared to 2022.

I am still optimistic that we will see profit growth for FY 2023 compared to FY 2022.

Long Version

Negative Factors affecting the company

Funko continues to show negative growth.

Funko, its main customer, continue its weak guidance that it has previously guided and this meant that we are going to see only slight improvements in Sales in 1H compared to 2H.

Funko recorded 491 million in revenue in 1H 2023. While 312 million is recorded in 3Q 2023, a guidance of full year 1065 million to 1105 million meant that 2H would come in at 574 million to 614 million.

A range of 16% to 25% growth compared to 1H 2023. But 2H 2022 was at 698 million revenue. Therefore this would represent a drop of 12 to 17% in revenue.

If we were to microscope it a bit further, Funko's inventory has been falling since 2022 and with a weaker revenue, i estimate it to be lower or at current levels. This implies lesser addition and would affect suppliers like Dream.

(Inventory fell from 246.4 m to 162.1m. Roughly 35% Fall)

Therefore I estimate a drop of 15% to 30% in revenue in 2H 2023 compared to 2H 2022 but an increase of likely 10-20% from 1H 2023 for Revenue from Funko

Toy Industry in US continue to see headwinds.

When news articles of such is being published, it possibly bodes an outlook that is not as rosy. As Dream does have Hasbro as one of its customers as well, it would definitely affect Dream's ability to make up for the shortfall from other customers.

Export Data for Vietnam

Looking at the 'Toys, games, and sports requisites' segment of exports for Vietnam,

We can see that export to US has fell in 2023 1H by 25%. Dream International's US Revenue similarly has fallen by a larger amount of 38%.

As such, i would probably think that 2023 2H Revenue to US would fall by around 20-30% as similar to my previous estimate.

The good news is that revenue to US in 2022 2H is already lower than 1H which means we are not exactly jumping off from a huge cliff but the difference will still be there.

Vietnam Industrial Production Index

Another possible indicator would be the industrial production. Interesting enough, Dream's Revenue seems to follow the YOY Increase / Decrease in the Index although the magnitude might be different.

As such, as 2023 2H is around 8% lower than 2022 2H, i would estimate revenue to be lower in 2H 2023 compared to 2H 2022.

A slightly brighter spot is that the figures in 2023 2H is higher than 2023 1H

Possible Bright Spots

Sustained Theme Park Demand

(Plush Stuffed Toys outperformance in 2023 1H Margins)

From my knowledge, Dream International does produce for Theme Parks under the Plush Stuffed Toys Segment

Which was one of the reasons i made the trip to Japan Disney to take a look at how many toys are actually produced in Vietnam. I also had to see for myself how the crowd and all is like as well.

(Seasonal Products I Believe)

In the theme park shops, there are definitely more Vietnam made products compared to in the Disney store i saw at Shibuya.

Regular Product

As Dream has mentioned that they normally receive orders 4-6 months before shipping date, i would say that the 'sustained demand' portion seems to hold some water.

To take a look at other parts to see if the 'sustained demand' analysis will hold, I took a look at merchandise revenue of Oriental Land.

July to September looks like decent figures for 'sustained demand' as revenue and inventory have largely remained at higher levels. Oriental Land also guided for higher visitorship from October 2023 to March 2024.

It is worth noting that although visitorship will be higher(12.5m from April 2023 to September 2023), the merchandise revenue is actually a lower guidance. Therefore, we would need to monitor to see if it is a conservative guidance or not. 

Also, recent unfortunate incidents such as earthquakes will always serve as a black swan event that might lower the turnout.

Exports Data to Japan in 2H Positive.

Positive for YOY and HOH. As such, I am still largely positive that Revenue from Dream to Japan might surprise on the upside as a result of this increase in export to Japan.

Cost Remains Acceptable

PVC Resin, ABS remain the major raw materials.

PVC Prices in 2022 2H ranged from 5.9k to 7.3k. The range was lower at 5.6k to 6.7k at 1H 2023, and continued to be rangebound of 6000.

As such, i believe margins should be decent, similar to 1H 2023 and better than 2H 2022 as cost is still slowly falling from a high level.

ABS Prices in 2023 compared to 2022, is definitely at a lower level. with price ranging from below 10k to not even 12k in 2023 as compared to 10.5k to 15k range in 2022.

As such, i don't expect negative surprises from cost as well.

Regional Export Data

(Export Figures of Regions in Vietnam where Dream Operate in.)
(Ha Nam is where the HQ and most paid-up capital is)

Not exactly a very influential indicator but Dream has most of its factories in Ha Nam. However, Ha Nam houses other big companies (Wistron Corp, Honda and Seoul Semicon Vina) as well therefore while this data is nice to have but might not be easy to have any correlations. 

Ha Nam Exports have increased since 2021 and in 2023 have hit record highs. 30% increase in exports value from 2H 2022 to 2H 2023.


Revenue from US is likely to be weak while revenue from Japan is likely to be stronger. However, the gain in revenue from Japan is unlikely to cover revenue from US.

As such, any profit improvements will come from margin expansion and i believe that should happen although the magnitude will depend.

With regards to demand from Shanghai Disneyland, that will be a factor in deciding profits as well. I believe 4Q might be a little weaker(5%-10% lower visitorship) than 3Q but should still remain at a good demand level. We might get some color when Disney releases its results.

Funko's revenue projection for 2024 in its earning release (usually in March) will also likely play a part in the analysis moving forward.

Currently, Dream is still hiring which is something positive as well.

This year would mark Dream's 40 Year Anniversary. 

Will we see something special like a special dividend? Although we need to take into account that the dividends of 20 cents in 1H 2023 is already double of 1H 2022 and it was 'To reward shareholders of the Company for their long-term support'

K-Pop Pictures Spamming Time

Post 20 Jan Updates

Vietnam Industrial Production for Manufacturing of Games and Toys is off to a decent start. Coming in at 48% higher than Jan 2023 and 11% higher than Feb 2023.

However, the preliminary export figures for the 1st 2 weeks seem to indicate a very weak opening of the year which means there needs to be more monitoring of the statistics.

February Figures for Exports / IIP unlikely to be of much reference as there will be a 'Tet'. Similar to CNY Break. It is expected to last around 10-12 days. (from 7 to 19 Feb if i remember correctly)

China Disneyland Shanghai Tourism in 2023, has broken 13 million visitorship. This is actually a record breaking year. At the end of the year, a new segment of the theme park called zootopia has opened as well.

(Zootopia Shanghai Disneyland Launch)

With regards to the Japan Disney Side

Sorry, i just realized Oriental Land has released their results up to 31 December 2023 on 30 January 2024.

26.3 million visitors is the forecasted target from April 2023 to March 2024. According to Oriental Land, 12.50 million visited from April 2023 to September 2023.

My estimate says 7.53 million visited from Octoboer 2023 to December 2023.

Therefore, to hit the target, 6.27 million will be required. January Figures look to be around 2 million. It might make sense that the forecast is not revised.

On the Inventory end. Inventory has fallen from 16523 m as of Sept 2023 to 12893 m in Dec 2023. 

(126427-77968 = 48459)

While inventory has fallen, Merchandise Revenue has increased to 48459 million. A big increase considering the previous quarters were 38334 million and 39364 million(23% increase).

Considering that cost of inventory for Merchandise is 42.3% in FY 2023, we can probably infer that  despite a fall in inventory, the revenue increase of 10000 million (which implies cost of sales around 4230 million) would mean that overall merchandise addition from Sept 2023 to Dec 2023 has remain stable despite the drop of inventory.

However, after thinking it through, it might not be as valuable of information as Toys and Sundries only make up 48% of merchandise revenue in FY 2023 and detailed COGS is not revealed while detailed revenue breakdown is shown. 

Based on my breakdown 1H 2023 Japan Revenue should have been stronger than 2H 2022 but that did not happen.

Therefore, a strong revenue in merchandise would be more important as it shows sustained demand and it might be too difficult to figure out if there has been 'more orders' as COGS is not revealed and we are also unsure which parts of the inventory has been reduced.

Of course, a rapid decrease in merchandise revenue and inventory would still be bad news. But fortunately, that is not the case for now.

With that i have come to the end of my analysis.

(January 2024 Results) How i would invest in the singapore stock market if i had 100k of spare money


January 2024 Returns: -0.55%

Year to Date Returns: -0.55%

Since Inception (9 Sept 2020) Returns: 73.38%

After some consideration, i have decided to make some changes to the portfolio. I have decided to welcome back Straco again while removing TC Auto and reducing China Sunsine.

(How the portfolio would look like after the change)

I listened to the Money FM podcast on Straco and am positive on what i hear with regards to the prospects. Especially the portion on how the general statistics have positive spill over effect in China , positive targets set and 'not yet fully recovered' especially when 3Q 2023 was already a very good result, probably the best quarterly result since covid and could be better than pre covid as well.